DiuresisAlcohol can block the release of a hormone called antidiuretic hormone, or ADH. Without this hormone the kidneys do not reabsorb water, instead they excrete it as urine. Your body begins to lose more fluid than normal, which can contribute to dehydration.
VomitingIf you’ve had a few too many you know what your body is in for. Overindulging can lead to serious feelings of nausea and vomiting. Repeated vomiting depletes the body of fluid and essential nutrients. This significantly contributes to the already dehydrating effects of alcohol. It’s not just alcohol that can cause dehydration through vomiting, rich party treats or a few too many pieces of candy can throw your digestive system into overload.
CaffeineMany times people who consume too much alcohol try to “sober up” by drinking coffee or other caffeinated beverages. Some cocktails even pair alcohol with caffeine-laden beverages. This combination can actually worsen an already dehydrated body. For many people caffeine can irritate the bladder, resulting in spasms of the bladder that are perceived as an urge to urinate. Frequent urination associated with alcohol and caffeine consumption can contribute to dehydration. Every single system in the body depends on having adequate amounts of fluids in order to function properly. Water flushes toxins from vital organs, carries nutrients to your cells, and provides a moist environment for ear, nose, throat, and eye tissues. Even mild dehydration can disrupt these systems draining you of your energy and causing side effects that last well beyond your one night of fun. Here are a few tell-tale signs that you could be dehydrated.
- Excessive thirst
- Headache or disorientation
- Dry mouth
- Decrease in sweating
- Feeling tired, sluggish, or sleepy
- Muscle cramps